最新情報

学会セミナー情報

ランチョンセミナーのお知らせ 7月27日(木) (日本プロテオーム学会 2017年大会 JHUPO第15回大会) [終了]

本セミナーは終了いたしました。

Tracking Protein Expression, Post-translational Modifications and Interactions with Antibody Microarray
抗体マイクロアレイを用いたタンパク質の発現・翻訳語修飾・相互作用の網羅的解析方法

Steven_Pelech.jpg
演者 :
Dr. Steven Pelech
(Ph.D. President of Kinexus Bioinformatics Corporation, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia)
座長 :
澤島 隆 (コスモ・バイオ株式会社)
日時 :
7月27日(木) 12:30〜13:25
場所 :
ホテル阪急エキスポパーク 本館2F 月光
要旨

Antibody microarrays are promising tools to evaluate alterations in the levels and phosphorylation status of hundreds of proteins of interest with only microgram amounts of crude cell and tissue lysate protein. However, interpretations of the results from traditional antibody microarray approaches have been hampered by the problems associated with sample preparation and protein detection, even when potent and specific antibodies are printed on these arrays. The Kinex™ KAM-900P and KAM-1150E antibody microarrays permitted semi-quantitative measurements of the expressions, post-translational modifications and interactions of proteins with as little as 25 µg of lysate proteins. When used in combination, these microarrays utilize approximately 1250 different pan-specific and 600 phosphosite-specific antibodies for tracking protein kinases, phosphatases and other low abundance regulatory proteins involved in cell growth, stress responses and apoptosis.

Multiple detection protocols were developed with these antibody microarrays to enable high density profiling of lysate protein levels, phosphorylation and protein-protein interactions in diverse experimental model systems, including human tumour cells in response to epidermal growth factor (EGF) treatment, mouse tissues lysates subjected to heat treatments in vitro, and meiotic maturation of sea star oocytes. One method (KAM) involved the capture of in vitro biotin-labeled lysate proteins, followed by their detection with dye-labeled anti-biotin antibody. False positive signals from associated proteins in complexes with the targets were reduced by chemical cleavage at cysteine residues with 2-nitro-5-thiocyanatobenzoic acid (NTCB) prior to their capture on the array, and this also produced more uniformity of the dye signals for protein targets despite vast differences in their sizes. Transient changes in protein phosphorylation in EGF treated cells that were typically lost when processed by conventional methods were better preserved by chemical cleavage right at time of sample homogenization, and the chemically cleaved samples were stable for weeks without the need for refrigeration or freezing.

Biotin-labelling and subsequent detection of the antibody-captured proteins on the arrays with a dye-labeled anti-biotin antibody reduced non-specific background signals, allowed for a greater dynamic range of detection of up to 10,000-fold, and enhanced discrimination of subtle changes in protein expression or phosphorylation. In conjunction with other detection protocols, such as the usage of dye-labeled reporter antibodies for generic protein-tyrosine phosphorylation in sandwich antibody microarrays (SAM format) or generic protein phosphorylation with nanoparticles such as pAMIGO (PAM format), it is also feasible to monitor changes in general phosphorylation of low abundance cell signalling proteins. The SAM format can also be adapted to identify target proteins that are subjected to other types of covalent modification such as ubiquitination and how these are altered when appropriate dye-labelled covalent modification-specific antibodies are deployed to probe the KAM-900P and KAM-1150E antibody microarrays. Furthermore, the SAM format can be used to monitor the interactions of complexed scaffolding, adaptor and chaperone proteins with signalling proteins that are captured on the antibody microarrays with specific, dye-labelled reporter antibodies for the interacting proteins.

Finally, we have used our antibody microarrays to detect the accessibility of the ATP binding site of captured protein kinases as an indicator of their state of activation using biotinylated 5'-(4-fluorosulfonylbenzoyl)adenosine (FSBA) as a probe (FAM format). The covalent binding of this generic kinase inhibitor to the protein kinases on the microarray was monitored with dye-labelled anti-biotin antibodies. Using the FAM format, it was also possible to identify protein kinase-drug interactions by virtue of their interference with binding to the biotinylated FSBA probe. Collectively, these diverse detection systems using the KAM-900P and KAM-1150E antibody microarrays will permit interrogation of the architecture and operations of cell signalling systems with greater sensitivity, speed and lower costs than any competing proteomics technologies.

※本大会ランチョンセミナーは整理券制ではありません。